For referencing Plate I. Editorial. WCET® Journal Supplement 2022;42(1)Sup:s3-4
The presence and persistence of stoma-related complications following ostomy surgery constitute a major burden for individuals living with an ostomy, a burden comprising physical as well as mental components. The physical component includes leakage of stomal effluent and peristomal skin complications, which may range from mild peristomal dermatitis to full thickness painful skin ulcerations1,2. Additionally, the profound bodily changes following surgery, along with the risk and worry of leakage and complications, may lead to psychosocial problems, including depression, anxiety, low self-esteem and social withdrawal3. These may adversely affect the individual’s adaptation to the stoma and quality of life. Therefore, critical components of ostomy care comprise prevention and management of leakage and skin complications, while helping patients adjust to their changed body and re-engage with their social environment (Figure 1). An insight into these issues is provided in two articles included in the following pages of this WCET supplement.
Figure 1. An overview of the problem of peristomal leakage and skin complications faced by individuals living with an ostomy, and approaches to help mitigate these problems
PSC = peristomal skin complication
1. Claessens I, Probert R, Tielemans C, et al. The Ostomy Life Study: the everyday challenges faced by people living with a stoma in a snapshot. Gastrointest Nurs 2015;13(5):18–25.
2. Salvadalena G, Colwell JC, Skountrianos G, et al. Lessons learned about peristomal skin complications: secondary analysis of the ADVOCATE trial. J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs 2020;47(4):357–63.
3. Herlufsen P, Olsen AG, Carlsen B, et al. Study of peristomal skin disorders in patients with permanent stomas. Br J Nurs 2006;15(16):854–62.
In the first article, author Janice Colwell argues that one of the most important contributions ostomy care specialists can make to their patients is to help them find the best pouching system in terms of the right size of the skin barrier opening and the best shape (flat or convex) of the skin barrier. While the size of the barrier opening depends on the size of the stoma, the shape of the barrier should be based on a thorough assessment of the patient’s peristomal body profile, the stoma, and the output volume and consistency. The author recommends using a convex solution, particularly if the peristomal area is soft, if there are skin creases/folds, or if the stoma lumen is at or below the skin level4. The importance of reassessing patients on an ongoing basis is emphasised to ensure continued use of the optimal pouching system.
The second article by Anne Steen Hansen and colleagues further discusses the importance of a good fit of the ostomy product to reduce leakage and skin complications. It alludes to a modified Delphi consensus building process involving over 1200 stoma care nurses from 27 countries; this helped to create practical guidelines on how to accurately assess body and stoma profiles. The process was facilitated by Coloplast. The standardised Body Profile Terminology5,6 was recommended for characterising the peristomal body profile of patients. Further highlighted in the second article are results from a scoping review undertaken by a group of ostomy care nurses and physicians; these results indicate that convexity should be considered at all times after ostomy surgery, including in the immediate postoperative period, to secure pouch seal and prevent leakage4.
Overall, the articles emphasise the importance of tailoring ostomy care to include individual preferences and peristomal body profiles to obtain the optimal ostomy solution to prevent leakage and skin complications. By implementing such individualised approaches, ostomy care professionals can considerably improve the lives of the millions of individuals around the world living with an ostomy.
This supplement has been supported by
PSC=造口周围皮肤并发症1. Claessens I, Probert R, Tielemans C, et al. The Ostomy Life Study: the everyday challenges faced by people living with a stoma in a snapshot. Gastrointest Nurs 2015;13(5):18–25.2. Salvadalena G, Colwell JC, Skountrianos G, et al. Lessons learned about peristomal skin complications: secondary analysis of the ADVOCATE trial. J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs 2020;47(4):357–63.3. Herlufsen P, Olsen AG, Carlsen B, et al. Study of peristomal skin disorders in patients with permanent stomas. Br J Nurs 2006;15(16):854–62.
Anne Steen Hansen及其同事的第二篇文章进一步讨论了造口产品良好贴合对于减少渗漏和皮肤并发症的重要性。该篇文章略加提及了一个改良后的Delphi共识建立过程，涉及来自27个国家的1200多名造口护理护士；这有助于制定如何准确评估身体和造口轮廓的实用指南。Coloplast促进了这一过程。推荐使用标准化的身体轮廓术语5、6来描述患者的造口周围身体轮廓。第二篇文章进一步强调了一组造口护理护士和医生进行的概况性评价的结果；这些结果表明，造口术后任何时候（包括术后即刻）都应考虑采用凸面系统，以确保造口袋密封并防止渗漏4。
Director of Evidence & Adoption, Coloplast A/S
- Meisner S, Lehur PA, Moran B et al. Peristomal skin complications are common, expensive, and difficult to manage: a population based cost modeling study. PloS One 2012;7(5):e37813.
- Kwiatt M, Kawata M. Avoidance and management of stomal complications. Clin Colon Rectal Surg 2013;26(2):112–21.
- Ayaz-Alkaya S. Overview of psychosocial problems in individuals with stoma: a review of literature. Int Wound J 2019;16(1):243–9.
- Colwell JC, Davis JS, Emodi K, et al. Use of a convex pouching system in the post-operative period – a national consensus. In press. 2022.
- Global Coloplast Ostomy Forum. Ostomy life study review 2016/17. Coloplast A/S;2017:1–23. Available at: https://www.coloplast.com/Documents/Stoma/CP_MM_OstomyLifeStudy_2016.pdf.
- Colwell JC, Bain KA, Hansen AS et al. International consensus results: development of practice guidelines for assessment of peristomal body and stoma profiles, patient engagement, and patient follow-up. J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs 2019;46(6):497–504.