Have you ever wondered why people tend to support political agendas at odds with facts or their own needs? In an informal chat on the way home from an end of year function, some light was shed on this peculiar phenomenon. It centred on the way ideas can be communicated (framed), and that support is garnered when ideas resonate with peoples moral values, rather than being based on truth or facts. Ideas and issues with majority support strongly influence the direction and standing of agendas, programs, policies and government.
Type 1 diabetes mellitus is a common autoimmune condition affecting approximately 145,000 Australians. This lifelong disease requires vigilant glycaemic control to prevent complications. Chronic stress, including the burden of managing diabetes, can contribute to poor blood glucose control and chronically elevated glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) levels. Findings from human and animal studies reveal some promising effects on stress and glycaemic control for several complementary therapies. This case report explores the effect of a multi-modal treatment regime on glycaemic control in a female patient with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and chronic stress.
Background The therapeutic properties of emu oil have been attributed to its omega fatty acid composition. Orally-administered emu oil has previously been shown to increase intestinal crypt depth following chemotherapy-induced mucositis. However, the impact of emu oil on cell kinetics remains unclear. It was hypothesised that 10 days’ oral-administration of emu oil to normal rats would increase crypt cell proliferation, returning to normal levels on day 17 following emu oil withdrawal.
Aim To determine the impact of emu oil on intestinal cell proliferation in normal rats.
Methods Female Dark Agouti (DA) rats (n=8/group) were treated with either water (1ml), olive oil (1ml) or emu oil (0.5ml or 1 ml) via gavage for 10 days and were euthanised on days 10 and 17. Crypt depth measurements and crypt cell counts were conducted on jejunal and ileal specimens. To assess proliferation, sections were immunohistochemically stained for Ki67.
Results On day 10, emu oil increased crypt depth (22%) compared to water control (p<0.05). Following oil withdrawal, crypt depths returned to normal values. Cell numbers per crypt increased in olive oil (10%) and emu oil (11%) groups compared to water control (p<0.05). Cell diameter was unaffected in all oil-treated rats (p>0.05). Emu oil increased Ki67 positive cells per crypt (40%) compared to water control (30%; p<0.05).
Conclusion Emu oil administration increased crypt depth by stimulating cell proliferation as opposed to the process of hypertrophy. Restoration of normal intestinal growth following cessation of emu oil administration supports its safety for application in intestinal disorders.
These abstracts are brief summaries of articles in recent issues of medical journals. Articles selected are of a general nature for the information of practitioners of naturopathy and herbal medicine. A dominant theme is often present throughout the journals, which will be reflected in the reviews.
The AJHNM-based CPE questionnaire system is a voluntary system designed to assist members in the accumulation of NHAA CPE points. Questions are divided into the appropriate subject categories (herbal medicine and medical science) and each question refers to an article in this issue of the Australian Journal of Herbal and Naturopathic Medicine. Points accumulated through completion of these questions should be recorded in the NHAA CPE diary. Each completed question is worth one mark in the relevant category. Your completed CPE diary should be returned with your membership renewal at the end of the calendar year. For further information, please see the NHAA CPE Members’ Manual on the NHAA website www.nhaa.org.au.